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How to plan for retirement

July 19, 2016

No one wants to think of retirement. But we must act now in order to secure our future later. It’s a fact of life that most of us will not be able to continue earning indefinitely. We also might not have enough excess income to simply let it sink into a kind of savings, if we’re not careful about managing our money. What matters isn’t how much we earn, really, but how we manage the money.

To that end we should begin wondering where our money is going and how, in future, it will work for us.

Start with a budget

The most obvious way to get our money to work is to collect where we can. In order to negotiate what we can save or handle, we must first know what we earn. This means making a budget. Creating a budget is the first step to any financial steps we take to secure our future.

Budgeting gives us a handle on knowing how much we earn, how much we need to spend to survive (bills, groceries, petrol, etc.) and how much is left over. It’s both data and an outline of how we must spend to survive.

As Business Dictionary highlights: “a budget serves also as a (1) plan of action for achieving quantified objectives, (2) standard for measuring performance, and (3) device for coping with foreseeable adverse situations.”

Once we have a firm budget in place, we can take proper, more grounded steps toward our retirement.

Savings

The obvious way we can manage our money is through finding ways to save. This means after budgeting, we can estimate an amount we can put away which we can’t touch. This can be done automatically, by discussing it with our bank, or we can take it on ourselves to put money away. Each option has its own advantages and disadvantages. The former means we don’t have to think about the savings, but it can be hard to access in emergencies. The latter means we control our money, but that could lead to laziness, forgetting and not saving as much as we’d like.

Either way, putting a regular amount away helps it to grow. The money stays safe and can only increase.

Investments

We should also speak to our financial advisors about investments. These come in a variety of forms, with a range of risks. For example, from more secure investments like government retail bonds to more riskier ones like property. Again, depending on what we need and can afford, each one comes with different advantages.

All investment has degrees of risk and we should carefully discuss our financial situation with experts, before throwing our financial weight behind any particular investment type. In the end, as long we focus on having a secure basis for retirement, we should be fine.

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